Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
May 28, 2024
Author : Adam

Only a nutritious mind can lead to a healthy body or nurture a wealthy mind. Its most common practice is to convey the hierarchy of needs, with mental and physical health at the core. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs was developed in 1943 by psychologist Abraham Maslow to describe and categorise things people need to experience self-actualisation. Maslow’s hierarchy is designed to organise primary life priorities, helping people in understanding how to address their physical, emotional, and psychological needs. Needs at a lower level down in the hierarchy must be satisfied before people can attend to requirements higher up.

Furthermore, failure to meet one’s requirements at the lower of the pyramid will disrupt the ability to develop later capabilities, such as enriching one’s self-esteem. Hierarchy of needs Maslow is motivational and psychological theory containing a five-tier model of individual needs. However, in this web blog, we will discuss all the basic foundational details of the five levels of Maslow's Hierarchy Of Human Needs, their different types, criticism, and many more. So, stick with us until the end to get precise details to help you in your nursing career.

What Are The 5 Levels Of Maslow's Hierarchy Of Human Needs?

Maslow considered these needs to be similar to instincts and play a vital role in encouraging behavior. Therefore, there are five levels of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, beginning at the lowest level, known as the physiological, to a higher level, known as the self-actualisation needs.

Maslow Hierarchy Of Human Needs

1. Physiological Needs

The physiological needs include those that are imperative for survival. Hence, here are some examples of physiological needs mentioned below.

  • Food
  • Water
  • Breathing
  • Homeostasis

In addition to the basic physiological needs of nutrition, temperature regulation, and air, physiological requirements include clothing and shelter. Maslow contained sexual reproduction in this level of the hierarchy as well since it is crucial to the propagation and sexuality of the species.

2. Security and Safety Needs

At the second level of the hierarchy of needs Maslow, the needs become more complicated. At this level, the need for security and safety becomes primary. Likewise, people want order and control over their lives. Here are some of the basic security and safety needs include.

  1. Safety Against Accidents And Injury
  2. Health and wellness
  3. Financial security

Safety and security needs encourage finding the right job, obtaining health insurance and health care, contributing funds to a savings account, and moving to a secure neighborhood.

3. Love and Belonging

The social needs in Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs include acceptance, belonging, and love. At this level, the requirement for emotional relationships impacts human behavior. Some of the things that satisfy this need include:

  1. Social Groups
  2. Romantic Attachments
  3. Family Relationships
  4. Friendships
  5. Community Groups
  6. Churches And Religious Organisations

It is imperative for people to feel loved and accepted by others to avoid loneliness, anxiety, and depression. Personal relationships with friends, family, and lovers play an imperative role, as does involvement in many groups, such as religious groups, sports teams, book clubs, and other group activities.

4. Self-Esteem Needs

The need for appreciation and respect is at the second last level in the hierarchy of needs Maslow. Therefore, once the needs at the bottom three levels have been satisfied, the esteem needs start to play a more prominent role in encouraging behavior. At this level, it becomes increasingly imperative to gain the appreciation and respect of others. People need to accomplish things and then have their efforts noticed. By the same token, the need for feelings of achievement and prestige esteem needs includes personal worth and self-esteem.

5. Self-Actualisation Needs

At the peak of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs are the self-actualisation needs. However, self-actualisation people are concerned about their personal development and self-awareness, less tensed with the opinions and thoughts of others, and interested in fulfilling their potential.

What are the Different Types of Needs?

The hierarchy of needs in Maslow can be divided into two vital types of needs: deficiency needs and growth needs. Let’s take an in-depth into the precise details:

1. Deficiency Needs

Physiological, social, security, and esteem needs are deficiency needs that arise due to deprivation. Satisfying these lower-level needs is imperative to avoid unpleasant consequences or feelings.

2. Growth Needs

The hierarchy of needs Maslow called the requirements at the top of the pyramid growth needs. Furthermore, these requirements arise from something other than a desire to grow. While the theory is generally represented as a fairly rigid hierarchy, Maslow stated that the order in which these needs are fulfilled only sometimes follows this standard progression.

Some of the Vital Criticisms of Maslow’s Theory

Maslow’s theory has become widely popular both in and out of psychology. The theory has specifically influenced the fields of education and business. However, Maslow’s concept has not been without criticism. Chief among the long-held objections are:

1. Needs Don't Follow A Hierarchy

While some research has supported Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theories, most have not been able to substantiate the thought of a needs hierarchy. Bridwell and Wahba reported little evidence for Maslow’s ranking of these needs and even less proof that these needs are in a hierarchical order.

2. The Theory Is Difficult To Test

Other imperative critics of Maslow’s theory note that his explanation of self-actualisation is challenging to test scientifically. His search for self-actualisation was also based on a very limited sample of individuals. Therefore, it generally includes people he knew and biographies of famous individuals who Maslow trusted to be self-actualisation.

What Is The Impact of Maslow's Hierarchy?

Despite these criticisms, the hierarchy of needs represented an imperative shift in psychology. However, rather than focusing on abnormal growth and behavior, Maslow’s humanistic psychology focused on healthy individuals’ overall growth. There has been relatively little research keeping up Maslow’s theory. The hierarchy of needs is popular and well-known in and out of psychology. Researchers set out to test this hierarchy in a study by academic writing services.

Researchers discovered that while the fulfillment of needs was strongly correlated with happiness, people from different cultures all over the world reported that self-actualisation and social needs were vital even when many of the most basic needs were unfulfilled. Nevertheless, such results show that while these requirements can be helpful motivators of human behavior, they do not certainly take the hierarchical form that Maslow explained.

The Expanded Hierarchy of Needs

In 1970, Maslow developed upon his original hierarchy of needs to include three additional Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs at the top of his pyramid for a total of eight:

1. Cognitive Needs

This means knowledge and understanding. People normally want to learn and know things about their places and the world in it. Therefore, aesthetic needs address the appreciation of beauty and form. People might fulfill this need by addressing the appreciation of beauty and form. Likewise, individuals might fulfill this need by enjoying or creating music, literature, art, and other forms of creative expression.

2. Transcendence Needs

Maslow considered that humans are driven to look beyond the physical self for purpose. Similarly, helping others, connecting with nature, and practicing spirituality are a few ways we might meet this need.

It’s Time To Conclude Briefly!

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About the Author


Hi, I’m Adam. I have a little over 6 years of experience in academic writing and have been lucky enough to work as a professional blogger for leading content marketing companies in the UK. Due to my passion for writing, I aim to proffer academic services to scholars, which will aid them accomplish both their academic grades and the learning process. I have been working for the benefit of scholars and providing them with superlative quality work for the past 4 years whilst my association with My Assignment Services.


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