What is the Pathophysiology of Asthma
March 08, 2022
Author : Ian

To understand the pathophysiology of asthma, we first need to understand what exactly is the pathophysiology? Also, why is it necessary to write one?

To explain pathophysiology in layman language, it combines physiology with pathology. The study of a disorder or injury, its causes, effects and diagnosis are called pathophysiology. Pathology is concerned with the physical changes and effects a disease has on the patient. In contrast, physiology studies the biological and internal (which may not be physically visible) changes in the patient’s condition.

Dupilumab, a biotech drug, helps
reduce asthma attacks and increase
lung function, research shows.

Some of you might wonder, Why is it important to write a pathophysiology paper?

Such informative writing is an essential part of a medicine and nursing curriculum, and all nursing students must write one. Nurses are responsible for creating and monitoring the case data for various patients in the hospital. A pathophysiology paper provides all the necessary information regarding the condition, effects and development in a patient’s condition that are necessary for the doctors to treat the patient.

What are the Steps for Writing a Nursing Pathophysiology Paper?

Before you can start writing a pathophysiology paper, you need to study the condition or disease you’re about. Develop clinical knowledge of various aspects of a medical condition and its diagnosis. It is the most important part of creating such a document so you can accurately diagnose the condition and perform a thorough analysis.

Communication is the next best skill after gaining clinical knowledge as you must ask your patient’s condition before treatment. After reading a pile of studies and going through hundreds of samples, you may feel that you’ve got it down, the area of developing a pathophysiology report. Yet, you must communicate with the patient to understand or confirm all the symptoms in detail. Remember that the patient best knows how they feel physically; you have to ask even the most mundane question necessary for your study.

A pathophysiology paper is written in a paragraph or report format, listing all the necessary information like the vitals, symptoms, treatment, medication, ect. Here are the most important details that you must heed while preparing a pathophysiology report:

  • First, mention the patient’s vitals (patient’s body temperature, pulse rate, respiration rate, and blood pressure) with time.

  • Mention all the symptoms that the patient described and the ones you may also have figured.

  • Next, list down all the blood tests, x-ray, and other tests performed on the patient. Briefly discuss the results of the test and all the symptoms concerning a respective medical test.

Asthma symptoms include coughing, wheezing,
breathlessness, and chest tightness due
to swelling and obstruction of the tiny air sacs in
the lungs.

  • Lastly, suggest a diagnosis for the patient. This might seem like an endnote, but diagnosis is more than that is one of the trickiest parts of the paper as it requires the use of your clinical knowledge. With the diagnosis or the suggestion for the patient’s condition (what disease or condition the patient might be suffering from), you also have to list down the medications for each of the symptoms that persists.

These steps are the basic outline for a pathophysiology paper, but the necessary details must be added. When developing such a paper, make sure you go through your reading and lecture notes before suggesting a diagnosis. Often a suggested diagnosis is debatable, but you must pursue your findings to be sure and provide a correct treatment to the patient. Also, there can be more than one cause of a sole symptom you list down, but the medication must only be prescribed for the most feasible one.

The journey to becoming a nurse may require you to write many technical research papers; when you seek help for any of such papers, get it easy and quick at the My Assignment Services website. Need Nursing Assignment Help in the UK? Contact our subject matter experts to get any academic query resolved.

steps for writing a nursing pathophysiology paper

Pathophysiology of Asthma: Causes and Diagnosis

Asthma is a long persisting breathing condition; the patient's breathing tract inflates due to varied reasons, which causes difficulty in breathing. There isn't a sole defined cause of asthma; it is caused due to many factors like microparticles in the environment, genetic factors, allergies, and tobacco smoking.

Even though over 5.4 million individuals in
the UK have asthma, no certified test is
available, and the diagnosis is solely
suggested based on symptoms.

Pathophysiology of asthma will help you understand the patient's condition in detail and suggest an effective diagnosis. The origin of asthma has changed in the last 25 years, as researchers have discovered multiple asthma compositions.

Various pathological factors are involved with asthma, such as airway blockage due to inflamed bronchi and coughing, difficulty breathing, and wheezing. Asthma affects the various parts of the airway, trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles. Inflammation persists even when breathing difficulty isn't obvious.


There isn't a sole defined cause of asthma. Environmental and pre-existing genetic conditions are the major reasons. Some common reasons are:

  • Family history often helps track the cause behind such a condition; a parent or sibling suffering from asthma increases the chances of the patient's condition resulting from a genetic deficiency.
  • Around 40% of individuals exposed to the respiratory syncytial virus develop asthma in their childhood.
  • Tobacco smoking is another leading reason for developing the condition, especially if the mothers smoke during pregnancy.
  • Premature babies are vulnerable to developing such disorders.
  • Low weight at birth may also result in the child who has asthma due to weak immunity since birth.
  • Asthma is more common in industrialised countries as individuals working in factories are more exposed to chemicals, plastic, and other toxic fumes.
  • Bottle-fed babies tend to develop asthma compared to the ones who are breastfed.

Many asthmatics individuals don't have their
illness under control. Despite 91 per cent of
patients believing they have control over their
asthma, only 20 percent of the total of cases
were treated as per domestic and international
guidelines, that's from a study of 8,000 asthmatic
patients conducted in Europe between July and
October 2012.


  • Besides cold, if symptoms like breathing difficulty, coughing fits, chest pain, these symptoms get worse at night or early morning, after exercise or other specific triggers. These can be subdued by taking aspirin in adults.

  • Personal history of eczema, breathing disorder and rhinoconjunctivitis.

  • Family history of atopic disorders.

  • Detection of wheezing or conjunction in lungs during auscultation.

  • Especially in children, a history of improvement in lung function after therapy.

These diagnostics can be effective for patients with a brief history of asthma or acute asthma symptoms. Patients with a long persisting asthmatic condition or severe symptoms require specialist help and therapy to get better.

Also, the condition with a genetic history is often incurable, but patients can control the condition with medicine and therapy. It is a condition that was once considered terminal, but medical advancements have introduced various effective drugs and procedures that have greatly helped asthma patients.

what are the causes of asthma

Need Help Writing Your Nursing Pathophysiology?

Hope this helps you understand what pathology is and its role in a patient's diagnosis. As a nursing student, you have to write a lot of these and might learn the best formatting and structure from experts.

At My Assignment Services, we have more than 2000+ phd experts that can teach all the 123s to academic writing and help you master it. Get Nursing Assignment Help in the UK on the go as our experts can help you according to your schedule and vantage.

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About the Author


Ian inclined towards academic writing and chose this to be his full-time profession by joining the team of expert writers at My Assignment Services. He joined us as a homework help expert with his valuable previous experience of assisting students internationally in writing their assignments. Ian is an all-rounder and has extraordinary research skills in the team. He gained the credibility of the students who needed meticulous research to be done for their assignments.


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